Around ten years ago, the Recovery School District (RSD) assumed governance over all of the failing schools in New Orleans.
Around four years ago, the Achievement School District (ASD) assumed governance over many of the failing schools in Memphis.
Recovery School District
Here is the official presentation that the RSD just made to the state school board. Note that the data is presented as a RSD pre / post comparison, not city as a whole. Some highlights:
First, lest you think it’s because student body changed dramatically:
State based college scholarship eligibility:
Lastly: none of the above qualify as rigorous research results (though I still think they are very useful, illustrative, and paint an accurate picture). But, as readers of this blog will know, next month Doug Harris is going to release a study that shows that NOLA reforms achieved .2-.4 effects at an ROI that surpasses that of pre-k and class size reduction.
The RSD worked.
Much still to be done, of course.
Achievement School District
See here for a deck on the ASD’s results.
Unlike Louisiana, Tennessee actually has a statistically rigorous state based measurement: TVAAS (a growth measure).
School can achieve a TVAAS rating of 1-5, with 5 being the highest.
If all ASD schools in their second and third years were considered districts, they would each receive a 5, the highest TVAAS score.
Note that first year schools scored a 1 on TVAAS.
The ASD has a hashtag for this phenomenon: #MoreTimeMoreGrowth.
Read the whole deck for the rest of the data. There a lot of bright spots, as well as a few worrisome trends (reading scores).
The RSD worked, though under unique circumstances.
The ASD is on the right track, though it’s still early.
The Education Achievement Authority (EAA) of Michigan, continues to struggle.
Because the RSD and ASD are building great ecosystems of high-peforming operators (though, to it credit the ASD direct schools are doing great, a testament to Chris Barbic’s ability to get 10,000 things done at once). But the long-run ASD game is still in non-profit operator management.
The EAA attempted to direct run all it schools.
Directing running all your schools runs afoul of this data on the performance of urban charter schools.
Currently, Nevada and Georgia are in the midst of enacting RSD / ASD models.
I hope they will learn from the above lessons. In Georgia, this will be easier to do, as there is already a base of decent charter operators. Nevada, unfortunately, has one of the worst performing charter sectors in the country. Perhaps they can use this opportunity to grow a higher-quality supply as well close some of their low performers.
Don’t Be Scared
Over the past week, I’ve been harping (I hope not trolling!) on Libby Nelson’s piece on the scary lesson of No Child Left Behind:
As I mentioned before, I think Libby is a good reporter.
The only reason I’m hammering this point is because I believe it’s so important to the future education of millions of low-income children.
We do have very good ideas about how to fix failing schools. And when reporters cover this issue, they should point to the effectiveness and scale of urban charter schools.
Urban charter schools are working. Governance interventions such as the RSD and ASD have enabled high-performing charters to grow.
Scaling these reforms will continue to be a difficult path.
But it’s not a scary path.
It’s a hopeful one.